Activision Blizzard is sitting pretty. While some have struggled in this extra long console cycle, Activision is the only publisher that's consistently seen its revenues and net income increase each year. It's a testament to the strength of core brands like Call of Duty, Skylanders and World of Warcraft, but it also speaks to a very careful and deliberate strategy from management.
It's this same strategy that often yields the company much criticism from some industry pundits. While rival publishers like EA are making substantial investments in digital and mobile, Activision has been dipping its toes, rather than fully diving in. In a recent phone interview with GamesIndustry International, Activision Publishing boss Eric Hirshberg noted that many "misinterpret" his company's very careful approach to mean that it's not interested in other growing markets like mobile. At the same time, he stressed the continued importance of the console sector, and gave his frank opinion that Microsoft will have much work to do in convincing consumers that $499 with a Kinect bundled in will be worth the investment.
The full interview below also goes into detail on the massive investment in Call of Duty: Ghosts, Bungie's Destiny, and how games have become "the entertainment medium of choice for a generation."
Q:As a publisher, does the $499 price point on Xbox One concern you?
It's up to them to win the value argument. If you do a focus group of a gazillion people and you show them two prices for two competitive products, 100 percent always prefer the lower price. I think from a first impression standpoint the win goes to Sony, at least as it relates to pricing. Microsoft is going to have to win the hearts and minds and convince people that the higher price point is worth it, and that it provides really meaningful capabilities that will be meaningful to consumers. And it's a long game, so I am sure that's what they intend on trying to do.
Q:One of the reasons for that higher price point is that they're packing in the new Kinect whereas in PS4 the PS Eye is sold separately. You guys have some good studios working on some high quality products. Does the inclusion of Kinect appeal to you? Will it make a difference in the long run to that platform?
I think it's the same answer; I feel they have to show why that's a good thing and why it's worth the premium and deserves inclusion and why it's something that gamers are going to come to really value and appreciate. … It's going to be a fun battle to watch, but I think they definitely have to win hearts and minds in terms of the value of it.
Q:When you look at the Wii U, does its sales level change the way you think about that platform is a publisher? You guys have always been a bit slower to jump on new platforms compared to a publisher like Ubisoft.
"We're in the business of blowing minds and providing huge experiences. It's a critical year and it's a critical transition, and we're going to spare no expense to make sure that we have the best game"
I don't think we're slower to move; we're a very choiceful company. We're very choiceful in the number of titles we make. We scrutinize opportunities very carefully, and when we go into them we go big. And I think that's been part of the formula for our success. We were there with a lot support for the Wii U at launch with a Call of Duty game, with a Skylanders game and with several other titles. We want to see Nintendo be successful and we want to do anything we can to help them be successful. Obviously the Wii U is struggling - that's not a secret, I don't think there's any other way to read the narrative right now - but they're a really good company and they've got some incredible IP that has yet to come, that they honed for that platform. We have a vested interest in making them successful.
Q:With the Call of Duty it seems like every year the stakes get higher. Is it fair to say that this year will be the biggest investment ever in Call of Duty?
I think that's a fair deduction. We don't talk about our budgets but we're developing for [many] different platforms with next-gen and current-gen and it's a very complex development process. And then you have all the stakes that come with a new generation of hardware, the expectations, needing to set the gold standard for next-gen, win people over and make sure that our audience comes with us to the next generation. Look, it's not for the faint of heart. When you're on top you've got the rest of the industry gunning for you - excuse the pun - and you also have the toughest competition of all which is ourselves and our past success and exceeding our gamers' expectations.
And that's where we focus. It's easy to get lost in the echo chamber and it's easy to get lost in the several different tempests in several different teapots at any given time within the industry. We have a 30-million person community to satisfy and they are playing our game in record numbers and our business has never been stronger. The engagement has never been stronger in the length of the tail on Black Ops II and the level of engagement we're seeing this long after launch, the success of the DLC and the season pass. Things are really good and we've got a really passionate player base that we think is the best in the world and we are never going to let them down.
Q:One of the reasons I ask about the investment is that with these new consoles publishers are going to have to spend more money on AAA games and even though Activision is in the good position of having a lot of cash, you still need to be cost-effective as a company. Are there certain things that you and the studios can look at to mitigate costs, whether it's engines or anything else?
Obviously we need to realize whatever efficiencies we can and be responsible stewards of our company's money and our shareholders' money, but at the same time the most responsible thing we can do as leaders in the business is to deliver a kick-ass experience on every single platform, and to continue the Call of Duty juggernaut. There is no way out of town that doesn't include quality, that doesn't include excellence. There's no way to save yourself to greatness in this business, and we're in the business of blowing minds and providing huge experiences. It's a critical year and it's a critical transition, and we're going to spare no expense to make sure that we have the best game.
Q:Do you have an idea of when the revenue mix switches from the current-gen in favor of next-gen?
It depends on speed of adoption rate and how well the first parties do of winning hearts and minds. The PS2 was relevant for how many years into the current cycle? It had a long tail. You could see something like that happening again. We've always been platform agnostic; what we care about is delivering the best experience for gamers wherever they want to play and however the delivery mechanism plays out. We put all that stuff secondary. … It's a high-stakes strategy but it's where I want to be because it's all about creative excellence. That's where you win or lose, whether or not you provide a great experience for people.
"I think it's a very fair assessment to say that we haven't gone as big in some new platforms as some of our competitors have, but we've got a pretty good track record of figuring out how to get into businesses at the right time"
Q:It seems like digital for Activision mostly means DLC and map packs and add-ons for games that are already sold at retail, whereas at other publishers it may be more about full digital downloads or the mobile market. Is Activision making more of a push in that area?
Everything you just listed we've had various levels of investment in, so it's not that we are against those things. I think a lot of times people mistake our focused strategy as a company as some implicit criticism of a new medium or new opportunity. And it's not that - it's just that we're very choiceful and that's so the things that we do do we can do the best possible job at. We don't want to fracture our focus, we don't want to fracture our resources, we don't want to fracture the attention of our best, most creative, most talented people.
And it's hard to argue with the results. It's been a winning strategy. It leads to Call of Duty still defying gravity long after people thought it would have stopped. It leads to bold new IP like Skylanders and big new investments in things like Bungie and Destiny. So when we go into something we want to go big, because that's how we know we succeed the most. We've built great capabilities in mobile, for example, and we put out some very well rated mobile games, three or four of which made to the tops of the charts last year. The way we're strategizing about that right now at this moment in time is that those are best served as extensions of our core franchises, but that doesn't mean we don't see the obvious potential of mobile.
It's just that in terms of where we are focusing our energies right now is in a different area. But we are building capabilities, we approach things cautiously and thoughtfully, and then when we pull the trigger we go big. I think it's a very fair assessment to say that we haven't gone as big in some new platforms as some of our competitors have, but we've got a pretty good track record of figuring out how to get into businesses at the right time when the market matures to a place where you can make a big impact both for gamers and for the business. That's our orientation and I think sometimes people misinterpret it.
Q:Focusing just on mobile for a moment, Bobby Kotick said on a recent earnings call, “While we're going to continue to look at it, and we think that over the long term there'll be opportunities, right now we just don't see anything that would suggest that changing the way we approach investing against mobile would be a good idea.” There are games out there that literally make millions of dollars per day. Wouldn't Activision want a bigger slice of that pie?
It's not that there aren't games that are not making a lot of money. It's just that there are only really a handful that are monetizing on that level out of the 300,000 or 400,000 games on the App store. And also, we haven't seen on the App store that sort of franchise effect, meaning getting to that upper echelon seems to be a very different thing than staying there or being able to create any loyalty or a repeat audience, which is different than what you see in consoles and other platforms where you really can build a franchise. That's expressed by the fact that the top mobile games change out every couple of months. There are a couple notable exceptions to that and that's encouraging.
But I would look at it differently and say when Bobby notes that he doesn't see anything that would change our investment, it doesn't mean we're not investing. It means we're taking a very particular approach where we are building capabilities as opposed to something like making a giant acquisition, for example. We've built a lot of capabilities. We've got a lot of capable people making mobile products and mobile games working here at Activision right now on really great products, some of which are highly rated and have done really well on the marketplace, so we're definitely investing and making good things.
Q:We had an interesting conversation a few months ago with industry veteran Gordon Walton, formerly of BioWare and Disney's Playdom, and he said of Activision, “They've haven't said we're going to fundamentally change our company, so they're going to be that last guy standing in the console world. One day they'll be the big fish at the bottom of the pond, and there'll be almost no food left and no water, and it's going to be hard to breathe. That's how that ends; it ends in catastrophe." Isn't that a valid concern, that if the console world starts shriveling, Activision would be in trouble?
"The console market has proven itself to be one of the more stable ones in all of entertainment. It has shown far more staying power than any other gaming platform ever"
This person doesn't work at Activision? I have no comment on that.
Q:But what it speaks to is if the console market ends up becoming a much smaller niche market…
That's a big if! The console market has proven itself to be one of the more stable ones in all of entertainment. It has shown far more staying power than any other gaming platform ever. Yes, we can hypothesize about meteors hitting the earth that would render anybody's business strategy ineffective. And I would also point to our history, at a time long before I was at the company, where people used to prognosticate that Activision was slow to respond to PC gaming and to MMORPGs as well. I think we've shown a pretty good ability to make the right moves at the right time, to a) bring people games that they want to play, and b) do it in ways that we can realize a good return on our investment. I don't see that changing.
Q:Activision still makes a number of licensed games. You have Spider-Man, The Walking Dead (which was panned), Deadpool, Nascar and others. Is this at all lucrative? Should Activision back away from licensed games the way some other publishers have?
We have a small division that concentrates on licensed games and I think we make right size investments against those opportunities. It's not obviously a primary focus of the company but it is a group that does well. Those games are nothing new, and a number of those games you referenced like Spider-Man are part of contracts and have been with the company for a while.
Q:I know you have Call of Duty in China, but Western gamers are pretty accustomed to the free-to-play model now. Is there any consideration to take a huge brand like Call of Duty and make a F2P version here?
There is no plan to do that currently. Obviously we are doing this with Call of Duty in China because that is by far the accepted mode of doing business in the Chinese game market. If free-to-play becomes appropriate for other markets, the learning that we're doing in China and the development work that we are doing to turn it into a robust and well executed free-to-play game will of course be beneficial.
Q:Infinity Ward's Mark Rubin seemed to indicate to me that Sledgehammer and other studios continue to collaborate on Call of Duty. Can you clarify what the different studios are working on and if Sledgehammer is contributing to Ghosts?
Sledgehammer is not involved in Call of Duty: Ghosts, but they are still involved in the Call of Duty universe and we haven't made any announcements about what they are currently working on yet. As with most Call of Duty games in our recent past they've become very big productions, and it creates opportunities for multiple studios to contribute.
Q:So I guess it makes business sense to spread out resources among studios when you have a brand as big as Call of Duty? I know Ubisoft has put multiple studios on Assassin's Creed for example.
Well that's obviously what we did on Modern Warfare 3, and we have other studios contributing to Ghosts. It's something that we do on an as needed basis and luckily we've got great developers who are able to contribute to making great games. The scope of the games is very ambitious and there's a lot of things we're trying to pack into them. We've long gotten credit for being a very complete package in gaming with many different game modes and lots of different ways to enjoy the franchise. That takes a big investment in human resources and talent. Raven and Neversoft are contributing to Ghosts and doing a great job alongside Infinity Ward.
Q:A major trend at this E3 was games based on persistent worlds, where the lines between campaign and multiplayer modes become blurred. That includes action-adventure games like The Division, driving games like The Crew, but also games that seem like rivals to CoD, like Titanfall. What do you think about this trend? Is it reflective of what players want from action games now, or games in general? Can CoD maintain its campaign/multiplayer split in the long-term?
I think that there's a general tendency to look at continued innovations and iterations on themes as somehow being destructive to things that came before it. I think what oftentimes happens is colors get added to the palette; they don't wipe the other colors out. I think you are seeing a response to both the popularity of multiplayer from the current generation as well as some of the new capabilities in next-gen hardware with some people experimenting with bringing those two worlds together.
I think that certainly describes some of the innovations that we are attempting in Destiny, for example. But whether or not that will somehow be destructive to the popularity of a really incredibly fun game mode like multiplayer in a game like Call of Duty, I don't see any reason why it would. But I don't look at it that way. I look it as what's the right thing to do for this game? What's the right thing to do for this audience? For Call of Duty there are plenty of innovations that we have planned for multiplayer. Bringing it closer together with campaign isn't one of them. But that's because we are responding to the audience, the usage and the spirit of Call of Duty. So that's why we are adding things like dynamic maps and character customizations, because we think that's going to make it a better game.
Destiny is obviously a ground-up new intellectual property, and one of the things that Bungie wanted to play with was live encounters with other players in that shared world shooter idea. And I think that's a really cool idea, which hopefully also will be really compelling, but I don't think one replaces the other and I don't think they're mutually exclusive or destructive to one another.
Q:Destiny has huge expectations around it given the 10-year deal with Bungie and their pedigree with Halo. Halo, as a property, emerged as an entertainment phenomenon, spawning books, web shows, and maybe one day still a Hollywood movie. Do you envision that sort of entertainment future for Destiny too?
We make games first. It needs to be a great game and great experience first. If there is a reason that another medium can enhance the game experience or enhance the game universe, that's something we will play with, but we've been cautious about that historically because you can ruin a perfectly good game franchise with one bad movie, for example. There are plenty of case studies to prove that.
I think there's also a misperception in my mind that if a game really makes it and becomes a phenomenon, then it can become another medium, it can become a movie or a television series. I don't look at it that way; I think games are the entertainment medium of choice for a generation and I think that making a great game franchise is challenging enough.
Q:Skylanders seems to represent an area of the industry that's seeing less representation these days. Other than some Nintendo games and Disney's Infinity, the kids market isn't getting a lot of attention. There aren't as many games being created for that demographic. Do you think that's something that helps Skylanders stand out?
It's funny the way you articulated the question, because you just described all the reasons why people used to say we shouldn't get into the kids market. It literally used to be 'people are getting out of the kids market, and the Wii is faltering, so why are you guys getting into the kids market?' when I would defend our decision to make Skylanders. Now you are reversing it and saying it's an unfair advantage. I think Skylanders is successful not because it is a kids game without a lot of competition, because to your point, a lot of kids games - no matter how thin the competition - haven't succeeded of late. Skylanders is successful because it's a really magical idea and it's brilliantly executed. We have created a really compelling new genre that brings toys and games together, and a new play pattern for kids that brings interactive play and analog play together in a really fresh way. The games continue to innovate and... we are going to have to deliver really compelling ideas each and every year.